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Saffron The king of spices. Saffron is made from the stamens of a flower commonly known as the saffron crocus. In Morocco, it is grown in the fertile valley of Souss, which lies south of Agadir. Around 75,000 flowers are needed to make a pound of dry saffron. It is one of the spices brought to the Mediterranean area from the Middle East long before our time. The Moors were the ones to start growing the crocus flowers closer to home, in Spain, during the eight century. When they were forced out of Spain in the fifteenth century, they brought their knowledge with them to Morocco. Saffron became an important ingredient in the refined cuisine of the Moroccan royal court. It was worth its weight in gold, and selling fake saffron was a very serious crime. Forgery still takes place today, as saffron is still the most expensive spice in the world.